Risk Factors*

Some conditions and habits raise your chance of developing PAD:

  • Age 50 or over
  • Current or former smoker: Smoking is more closely related to developing PAD than any other risk factor. Smoking increases the risk of developing PAD three to five times
  • Diabetes: One in every three people over the age of 50 with diabetes is likely to have PAD
  • High blood cholesterol: Excess cholesterol and fat in your blood contribute to the formation of plaque in the arteries, reducing or blocking blood flow to your heart, brain, or limbs
  • High blood pressure
  • Personal history of vascular disease, heart attack, or stroke: If you have heart disease, you have a one-in-three chance of also having PAD
  • Renal insufficiency

* American Heart Association. Understand Your Risk for PAD, June 2011. Available at http://www.heart.org. Accessed Nov 2012.